Richard Dawkins: Comparing the Human and Chimpanzee Genomes – Nebraska Vignettes #3

Richard Dawkins shows just how similar the Human and Chimpanzee genomes really are, with the help of a great visual from the University of Nebraska Museum.

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During Richard Dawkins’ 2009 American tour, we visited Judy Diamond’s “Explore Evolution” exhibit at the University of Nebraska State Museum in Lincoln. This exhibit has now been replicated in six museums around the country. While visiting we filmed a collection of short unrehearsed and unscripted videos—just inspired by the “Explore Evolution” exhibit.

See the “Explore Evolution” web page here:

Special Thanks to:
Dr. Judy Diamond
The University of Nebraska State Museum

Produced by The Richard Dawkins Foundation and R. Elisabeth Cornwell

Camera & Music by
Josh Timonen

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  1. Nope Nope on November 24, 2021 at 2:24 am

    Question: what would happen if we where to use crisper and swap these 2 differences In an Chimpanzee embryo so that it matches completely? Or won’t that work?

  2. TheBoyFromNorfolk on November 24, 2021 at 2:24 am

    What do you mean by Evolution. If Natural Selection is not at least part of what you mean by evolution, then I don’t understand your definition. If you accept that gene frequencies change following population dynamics governed by selection pressures, what is your dispute with evolution? Because that’s what all the stuff you’ve said is correct has demonstrated.

    Transitional Form, agains, what do you mean by transitional form? Because there are so many examples in the fossil record.

  3. Thomas Gibson on November 24, 2021 at 2:25 am

    You study "Evolution". You sure do bro. Now sit down and breathe out slowly a few times. You should feel better then.

  4. Michael Hester on November 24, 2021 at 2:26 am

    Just out of interest, when they found out recently that we only share 94% of our DN A with chimps and not 98% did they find we shared less than thought with other animals too?

  5. bluemoonrising26 on November 24, 2021 at 2:27 am

    I call Poe on you.Nobody can actually be that stupid.

  6. jaska444 on November 24, 2021 at 2:28 am

    I have not found an answer to this, so there is some explanation for scientist to do!
    No where is explanation how a "new" spieces with for example 32 chromosomes mate with another that has 33 chromosomes. It just does not happen!
    And chromosomes comes in full numbers, and change must happen at once. There is no fractional chromosomes! And time is no explanation, as the change must happen in one offspring.

  7. Penny Underwood on November 24, 2021 at 2:30 am

    …and the Creationists will still say " you believe we came from monkeys"? They refuse to understand. Thank you RD.

  8. Jonassoe on November 24, 2021 at 2:30 am

    The scariest thing is that we’re less different genetically from chimps than horses are from donkeys. And yes, mules exist.

  9. CorgiCoders on November 24, 2021 at 2:31 am

    You have a fundamental misunderstanding of evolution. Fishes don’t "turn into" amphibians– the difference in genes between a new born baby and its mother/father is almost negligible. It’s these small incremental changes over time combined with the variation in environment and nature’s stress on survival that contributes to the huge changes you see.

    Try reading "The Origin of Species" by Charles Darwin. It’s a somewhat old book, but it shows in detail how Darwin came to this conclusion.

  10. Mayburyj on November 24, 2021 at 2:32 am

    Fantastic design efficiency, change a few key parameters and the complex manufacturing code will give a completely different product.
    Like lego, if I break up a model of a plane and one of a car lots of the components are identical. I wish more design was done that way, we keep making new components that basically do the same thing as in other appliances, thank goodness for Henry Ford and the standardisation of things like bolts and nuts, we have so much further to go in good design efficiency.

  11. leapinglizardking on November 24, 2021 at 2:32 am

    I’ll ask again,what is the evidence that disproves evolution?
    BTW,just saying it doesn’t make it so,in the real world…

  12. Mandi Frost - Life Coach on November 24, 2021 at 2:34 am

    this only represents 1.5% of the entire genome! Human and chimps have similar genes, each around 25000 and similar base pairs but the information is VERY different! All orgnanisms share the same chemical make up but their information tells a very different story; how the genes are regulated! humans have 50% gene similarity to a banana but we are not half banana. Humans also share 92% Dna with a mouse but we are very different to a mouse. Gene numbers and DNA does not show complexity, it is the information that we shoudl be understanding!! So, there is still over 98% of the genome not included in this percent that is used to compare chimps and human. Dawkins is not giving ALL the information. Think critically! Oh and the differences bewteen H and Ch if looking at the 2 % difference is actually 150 000 000 DNA base pairs! Do your own research. 

  13. TheBoyFromNorfolk on November 24, 2021 at 2:35 am

    Fusion would be cool, but Fission would do for now if people would get their fingers out and stop keeping the old plants running. I don’t think we’ll get serious in space untill it’s economically viable. of course, Fusion might drive demand for helium 3, which is more abundant on the moon.

    I don’t think religion will struggle, it might weaken, but I fear we’re stuck with it for a long time now.

    Do you think Quantum computing will be anything good, or is the next comp thing going to be AI?

  14. TheSocialSmoker on November 24, 2021 at 2:36 am

    @BingoGIggleGoober do you know the difference between genomes and DNA?

  15. 0urmunchk1n on November 24, 2021 at 2:39 am

    Look up the wikipedia article on mules.

    To summarize the important parts, horses have 64 chromosomes, donkeys have 62, mules have 63, and while pregnancy is rare, it can and does happen. Granted, this would probable create an evolutionary bottle neck, but there are two of those that we know about. One of these was likely created by the fusion of two chromosomes.
    If you want to understand how this can work a little better, read up on the process of meiosis.

  16. Terencekaiser on November 24, 2021 at 2:40 am

    @635574 Of course they are not going to have the entire human and chimp’ genomes written down side by side, they wouldn’t have enough room! its just a display in a museum demonstrate

  17. bluemoonrising26 on November 24, 2021 at 2:40 am

    You do realise that ‘we pesky evolutionists’ don’t believe Charles Darwin wasn’t the first human being?

  18. RedStarBelgradefan on November 24, 2021 at 2:41 am

    @BingoGIggleGoober stop saying that you have the evidence on youtube, go and show it to scientists and disprove one of the strongest facts in science

  19. Martin Aramis on November 24, 2021 at 2:42 am

    Amen 😉 All religions pass with time…christianity, judaism, islam – mere pebbles on the shore of geology…

  20. TheBoyFromNorfolk on November 24, 2021 at 2:42 am

    Even that is too much of a metaphor. We see them as a sphere because the electrons of the microscope bounce off the electron cloud of the atom. But what the sphere actually is, if we can conceive of atoms as spinning around anything doesn’t actually match what we do know about their positions, which is imprecise as it is (though we do have a good understanding of the electron’s orbits and positions, it’s just very counter intuitive when you get into the detail).

  21. Vincent Rock on November 24, 2021 at 2:43 am

    ha..ha.thank you you make me laugh.why chimpz.. can😧

  22. tiffsaver on November 24, 2021 at 2:44 am

    I follow the theories of Erich Von Daniken.  I believe that the reason we’ve never found "The Missing Link" between upright primates and humans is simply because it doesn’t exist.  A human hybrid formed of specific genetic human mutation via extraterrestrial intelligences visiting earth in the distant past is as logical and powerful as any other hypothesis, from Darwin, to fundamentalist Christians.

  23. JuniorFX on November 24, 2021 at 2:45 am

    That’s what he said!!! Look "A tiny number of differences account for all the really quite large differences that we see between Humans and Chimpanzees". Yes every DNA is alike in some way from Humans to other animals. Chimpanzees show extremely alike DNA, than say a Turkey or a Pig. Your seriously twisting what you have been told.

  24. hellaballooba on November 24, 2021 at 2:47 am

    My question is this: how similar are the sequences when you look at the "junk" DNA (which it turns out isn’t so "junk" after all)? I understand that the other human genomes that have been sequenced haven’t matched up so well in the "junk" area…

  25. erkkinho on November 24, 2021 at 2:48 am

    It did happen though, little by little. Your limited capacity to understand it isn’t a proof of it not happening.

  26. ficktao on November 24, 2021 at 2:50 am

    It is too bad that relidiots are flooding this marvelous video with their vitriolic, disingenuous, dumb babble. While we could be investigating what those specific genetic differences stand for. What do those specific genes do?

  27. The Average Humanist on November 24, 2021 at 2:51 am

    Hey creationist, thank God for chromosome number 2

  28. Paul Newfield - Pasadena, CA. USA on November 24, 2021 at 2:56 am

    This is so misleading, according to science, 20 separate hominids have evolved over the last 6 million years since the genetic split from the “common ancestor”, and 19 of the species have gone extinct, leaving just us! There’s no possible way that 20 species could evolve & go extinct in such a short amount of time! What did the chimpanzees evolve into over the same 6 million years? Different chimpanzees, they didn’t change into different creatures! Zebras only changed into different species of zebras over the same 6 million years! It’s laughable that people actually think that they are talking chimpanzees!

  29. Space Age Shakespeare on November 24, 2021 at 2:57 am

    Well there’s a catfish species that climbs on land & moves perfectly across it for quite a distance alive today. So the idea that fish would take to land, while it intuitively seems strange, happens. Why? Well in the case of the catfish it’s ancestors might have had a better chance to survive by temporarily traversing land, it could be useful for evading getting trapped in pockets of water in swamps, or escaping predators in the waters or even finding food on land & so on.

  30. TheBoyFromNorfolk on November 24, 2021 at 2:58 am

    You know we have Electron Microscopes that can see Atoms, and the Fossil record provides brilliant snapshots of our evolutionary past, and our genetic code is like a trail guide, comparing it to other trail guides you can see where we walked the same path and branched off.

    I mean, if you catch the murderer red handed, standing over the corpse in the locked room with the knife, and DAN evidence of a fight, would you say without CCTV we can’t say guilty?

  31. Gooners Rule on November 24, 2021 at 2:58 am

    More misinformation. Its nearer to 99% of DNA is shared between Chimps and Humans.You must have a "blessed" agenda for spreading lies.

  32. 2Pains1Love on November 24, 2021 at 3:01 am

    Only 2 hours away from my house, there is a huge field of mud beach, and you will be able to spot hundreds of mudskippers, a kind of fish that can ‘run’ and ‘breathe’ in the air. So your claim of all the fish dying when out of water can suck chimp’s ass.

  33. TheBoyFromNorfolk on November 24, 2021 at 3:02 am

    I used to find it fascinating, and then one day, I realised the universe was maths beyond my comprehension. Nothing metaphysical, I’m just bad at advanced mathematics. 😉

    I think Biotechnology is the next big thing. Vats of Bacteria that strip raw metals from the ore, synthetic oil produced by algae, and micro/nanobots in our own body.

  34. Robert Cunningham on November 24, 2021 at 3:04 am

    Reality = UNICORN!!! *twitch*

  35. WritingReaper on November 24, 2021 at 3:05 am

    that’s just so stupid I won’t even debate you hahahahahaha the biggest lie in all of humanity is backed up by THOUSANDS of studies and researches with mountains of evidence, both fossil and living. Do you know why cat’s meow much like human babies/ or why elephant tusks are getting smaller or disappearing/ that’s evolution.

  36. GOD MAN on November 24, 2021 at 3:05 am

    This man is delusional .

  37. Alabama Mothman on November 24, 2021 at 3:06 am

    God created Man, not just homo sapiens. Shut Up, go away. But not necessarily in that order.

  38. shady shane on November 24, 2021 at 3:07 am

    37 retards,if you don’t like sciene and reason, why spend so much time looking,it took me ages to find this, have you not got a good book?

  39. leapinglizardking on November 24, 2021 at 3:08 am

    I doubt that you could "enlighten" any of your opponents here on this matter;you say that you studied evolution,what have you read that disproves it?
    Disproving established theories is called "science".

  40. Martin Aramis on November 24, 2021 at 3:09 am

    Uhm – because it’s a display exhibit? I smell an agenda..:)

  41. TheBoyFromNorfolk on November 24, 2021 at 3:10 am

    Sorry, guess I fell afoul of POE’s law.

    We can as yet only see the electron clouds of atoms, which when seen through an electron microscope create the little globes we always expected to see. We can’t yet see the internal atomic structure, and probably never will. At that level it’s not really comprehensible visually, mutually exclusive models sometimes are the best way of understanding the maths, which is sadly, what reality is.

  42. Robermann McCloud on November 24, 2021 at 3:11 am

    I have a (maybe naive) question. If the genes of all human beings are different, how can we define which is the "human genome" to compare it with other species genome? Is there a part of the genetic code that never changes between humans and a part that does change? Could someone explain it?

  43. CorgiCoders on November 24, 2021 at 3:11 am

    From what I’ve observed, there always seems to be an intermediate organ that is simpler but has a functionality. To be completely honest, I haven’t studied the evolution of modern lungs but you can see examples of this in the development of other organs.

    I think what you’re getting at is the "irreducibility" of complex organs. Many creationists argue that the human eye is too complicated to evolve in small steps.

    /watch?v=Nwew5gHoh3E See if you can understand this.

  44. Lucas Tulic on November 24, 2021 at 3:12 am

    40 religiotards still deny the irrefutable evidence. They still think we came from a dude name Adam or some shit.

  45. TheBoyFromNorfolk on November 24, 2021 at 3:12 am

    I know they use the neural net of biological organisms in some AI research now.

    I have Hope, but don’t forget, in the 1890’s, The highest paid speaker in the world was Col. R. G. Ingersol. The Great Agnostic. Religion wanes, but Religion Waxes as well.

  46. Timmertube75 on November 24, 2021 at 3:17 am

    PG Tips was quite confusing as a child.

  47. WritingReaper on November 24, 2021 at 3:18 am

    uhm all is not many, the entire scientific community accepts evolution as fact, the theory part in the name is merely for posterity much like the theory of gravity or electromagnetism or planetary motion.

  48. Dreadlockdude85 Park on November 24, 2021 at 3:18 am

    The difference is God made them that way!! Geez. Problem solved:)

  49. Nicholas S on November 24, 2021 at 3:20 am

    Science bitches, you can only fight it with science!

  50. TomFynn on November 24, 2021 at 3:20 am

    "The Big Bang is a Big Hoax." High-z-SST, WMAP, SCP, DASI, MAXIMA, BOOMERANG, COBE, 2dF,SDSS, CASTLE, CLASS and OGLE prove you wrong.

    PS: "I study evolution" Reading "answersingenesis" is not "study".

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